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Mulching paper 30-60 microns| Better quality

Mulching paper definition:

These are protective covers that are used to control the weather’s effect. These covers are extended up to the ground and used at the start of the vegetation season. It is one of the most beneficial technique for fruitful farming and gardening

What is the meaning of mulching paper?
Sheet mulching, also known as composting in place, mimics nature by breaking down organic material from the topmost layers down.
Mulching is the process or practice of covering the soil/ground to make more favourable conditions for plant growth, development and efficient crop production. Mulch technical term means ‘covering of soil’.
Mulches conserve the soil moisture, enhance the nutrients status of soil, control the erosion losses, suppress the weeds in crop plants, and remove the residual effects of pesticides, fertilizers, and heavy metals. Mulches improve the aesthetic value of landscapes and economic value of crops.18 May 202
There are two basic kinds of mulch: organic and inorganic. Organic mulches include formerly living material such as chopped leaves, straw, grass clippings, compost, wood chips, shredded bark, sawdust, pine needles, and even paper. Inorganic mulches include black plastic and geotextiles (landscape fabrics).

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Mulch material should be punctured at the required distances as per crop spacing and laid on the bed. The seeds/seedlings should be sown/ transplanted in the holes. 5. Use of sawdust, wood or bark chips directly in the horticulture garden.
Fresh woods chips need to age about 6 months before you use them. The reason? Soil microbes that start breaking down fresh chips will rob the soil of nitrogen and stunt your plants.
Mulching has many benefits to crop production, few of the benefits of using the mulching paper in crop production are as below :

Reduce weeds by reducing sunlight to the soil around the plant roots area.
Reducing water evaporation from the soil and hence reduce the watering requirement.
Control soil temperature and hence improve plant growth during different seasons.
Potentially improve soil pH level over the time
Reflecting light from mulching paper controls pests like aphids and thrips, leaf miner which may otherwise harm plant growth.
Avoid soil erosion during the rainy season.

Factors to consider when choosing mulching paper.

1) Thickness :

In earlier days, thick mulching paper being used, however now much lesser thickness paper is sufficient. However selecting mulching paper thickness is important for durability & crop type. For vegetables, 15 microns to 30 microns is used, however for orchids crops, film thickness ranges from 100 microns to 150 microns found suitable. More thickness is more durability, so depend on crop type thickness of the mulching sheet to be used. Lower thickness / Thin mulching paper are cost-effective and suitable for short production crops like vegetables, but not durable.

2) Width :

Depend on the interspace between crop rows, mulching paper width need to be selected. This is also important for laying purpose. Generally, 1 to 1.5 meters of width film is used for a variety of crop productions.

3) Perforations:

This parameter is advantageous for some points and disadvantages for others, so selecting the right perforation paper is important. Water stagnation problems can be avoided with a higher perforation sheet, however, at the same time weed growth can be an issue. With lower perforation paper, better-controlled water and fertilizer distribution can be achieved.

4) Mulching paper colour: Mulching paper colour type is one of the most important parameters depend on the type of crop, soil, and location. Mulching paper colour affects soil temperature, air temperature around the plant, sunlight reflection & soil pH level. Clear transparent mulching sheets makes the soil warm. So they are mostly used in the colder areas or in winter season crops. Like for strawberry cultivation in the winter season.

Crop production problem like weed growth can be better controlled with black coloured paper, as it absorbs most of the sunlight and does not transfer to soil. Similarly, dual colour mulching paper designed to absorb a certain wavelength of light & reflect certain. This is advantageous for fruit and flower growth in colour or taste, overall quality of the crop. Yellow – Brown mulching paper is for controlling whitefly and it attracts them and supports killing them by reflecting light from the yellow side. Black and silver is the most popular type of mulching sheet as it is suitable for any crop. This mulch reflects almost 27% of the sunlight towards fruits and plant; so improves the colour of the fruit.

5) Quality of mulching paper: A good quality mulching paper should have long durability, should not be highly pores and have a good thermal resistant characteristic.


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